Factsheets in English
Participants of the 15 pilots in the 'Plastic Packaging Waste as Raw Material (KVG)' programme share their experiences in these factsheets.
Second lives of plastic packaging: lessons learned (pdf, 388 kB)
A bundling of learning experiences that were acquired during the fifteen pilot projects in October 2018 - November 2019 during the 'Plastic Packaging Waste as Raw Material (KVG) program'
The purpose of this document is to share lessons learned. This way, organisations that want to use recyclate can learn from this and apply it in their own plactice and subsequent innovation projects.
Pilot 1: Toys made from recycled plastic
The HEMA retail chain and the toy wholesaler Lobbes wanted to develop sandbox toys in cheerful colours for children aged 0 to 3 made from recycled household plastic packaging waste (rPP). The production of toys is subject to strict European requirements aimed at protecting children's health. In this pilot, HEMA and Lobbes investigated whether recycled plastic from household waste can meet these requirements.
Pilot 2: 3D printing with plastic packaging waste
van Plestik has developed a 3D printer for recycled plastic. During the pilot, the company was confronted with heavily contaminated recyclate. They succeeded in adjusting the printers, so that contamination is no longer a problem. A great solution, because such waste streams are otherwise directly incinerated.
Pilot 3: Mixed plastics for the production of pallets
After household PMD waste has been sorted, mixed plastics remain. AVK Plastics, in conjunction with Attero and Prodin, investigated to what extent the polyolefin fraction (PO) from mixed plastics can be processed into high-quality and recyclable logistics applications, such as pallets.
Pilot 4: Sustainable packaging in the ornamental horticulture
Two exporters of flowers and plants conducted a market consultation to find out how plastic from household waste can be used in seeding pots and plant trays. The use of recyclate was already common. That is why the focus in the pilot shifted to the end-of-life section, which is where the problem lies. Plastic dyed with carbon black appears to be difficult to detect in the sorting system.
Pilot 5: Rotational moulding with mixed plastics
Currently, mixed plastics (DKR 350) from PMD waste are not yet used in rotational moulding, but only in injection moulding and extrusion. Rotational moulding, however, comes with advantages, because the mould investments are lower and you enjoy greater freedom of form. Midwaste asked this question: can we turn mixed plastics into a raw material for rotational moulding?
Pilot 6: Road gullies made of recycled plastic
Can plastic packaging waste from households be used as a raw material for the production of plastic road gullies? On public roads, you will find a road gully every 25 metres in which rainwater is collected. Until now, these road gullies were made of concrete, but the installation and maintenance are labour and cost-intensive. Plastic gullies offer advantages and are an ideal application for municipalities for their PMD waste.
Pilot 7: Reusable To Go cup made of disposable coffee cups
Millions of people pass through train stations each year, which means that a lot of waste is produced at stations, platforms and trains when travelling. This waste is largely comparable to household waste. In this pilot, NS Stations B.V. and various parties are investigating the options of processing this waste into an acceptable raw material for a reusable To Go cup.
Pilot 8: Protective caps on fittings are made from recyclate
PowerPress fittings and connections come with a protective cap. VSH Fittings wondered whether it could also make these protective caps from household plastic packaging waste and whether it would be possible to save on the amount of raw material through a new design.
Pilot 9: Odourless recyclate from household packaging waste (pdf, 2.1 MB)
Virgin smells as 'new' and recycles as 'old'. The smell of recyclate from household sources is an impediment on the development of new applications. The question the consortium within this project wanted to answer was: is it possible to develop odourless recyclate?
Pilot 10: Closed cycle of soft cups at festivals (pdf, 2.2 MB)
Stichting Vierdaagsefeesten (Four Days Marches Foundation) prefers to use a closed system in which every year plastic waste from that edition will be the raw material for drinking cups, banners and billboards at the next. The first step was taken in a pilot in the form of research into the best way to collect drinking cups as cleanly as possible.
Pilot 11: Sustainable infiltration foundation made from recyclate (pdf, 2 MB)
Heavy rain showers, which will be more frequent as a result of climate change, increase the risk of flooding in urban areas. More and more municipalities oblige residents to collect and store rainwater within their own plot. De Groot Vroomshoop wants to develop an infiltration foundation, made from household packaging waste, that can collect the water. Such a foundation has to last for years.
Pilot 12: Tiny Buildings: living and working in recycle plastic (pdf, 1.9 MB)
DKR 350 is a low-quality mix of plastic waste. This mix remains after all usable plastic streams have been filtered out. The redidual stream is never actually used, because its properties differ each time. Yet for the production of Tiny Buildings (Save Plastics makes and develops mini housed and mini offices), DKR 350 is very suitable.
Pilot 13: RePETitive Packaging (pdf, 2 MB)
The RePETitive Packaging pilot aims to develop one hundred percent recyclable drinks packaging made from Dutch household packaging waste. To further stimulate the development of recycling and applying rPET, the innovation project focuses on producing and testing a new mono-layer and mono-material packaging design for a fully recyclable drink pouch from rPET.
Pilot 14: Bathroom walls made of rPET (pdf, 1.4 MB)
There is still little demand for low-quality recycled PET. Sustonable develops prefab shower walls and shower toilet modules that are tuned into this waste stream. The pilot was used to try out the application in homes and to investigate the possibilities of using not only bottle grade PET, but also PET from PET trays.
Pilot 15: Crash barrier from recycled plastic packaging waste (pdf, 1.4 MB)
Crash barriers are generally made of steel. Recycle stimulator Upp! examined whether it was possible to design a structure which uses a maximum of recycled plastic packaging material and a minimum of steel. It is important that the road safety standards (NEN) are met.